Afro-LA/Latinx Resources

As part of our initiative to uplift scholarship on Afro-Latin American art history, the Association for Latin American Art has put together a bibliography of resources for research and teaching. This document contains an array of art historical resources related to the African diaspora in Latin America, from the colonial to contemporary periods. While not exhaustive, we made an effort to include as many works as possible to showcase the growing body of scholarship in this field. Whenever possible, we linked each entry to its respective PDF if available online; for other entries that are not open access or fully digitized, we included a link to Google Books for partial preview. We hope that this resource will be of use to students and educators. If there is a resource you would like to see included or corrected, please click on the link here to submit. 

You can also access the list in Google Doc form at this link.

Compiled and edited by Abigail Lapin Dardashti, Elena FitzPatrick Sifford, Gillian Sneed, Tashima Thomas, Natalia Vargas Marquez, and Lesley Wolff, and Ananda Cohen-Aponte



Aguilar, Nelson, Emanoel Araújo, and Maria Lucia Montes. Mostra do redescobrimento:

Negro de corpo e alma. São Paulo: Fundação Bienal de São Paulo and Associação Brasil 500

Anos Artes Visuais, 2000. Exhibition catalogue.

Andrews, George Reid. Afro-Latin America, 1800–2000. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 

Araújo, Emanoel, ed. A mão afro-brasileira: significado da contribuição artística e histórica.

São Paulo: Impresa Oficial do Estado de São Paulo: Museu Afro Brasil, 2010.

Basilio, Miriam. Latin American & Caribbean Art: MoMA at El Museo. New York: El Museo del Barrio and the Museum of Modern Art/Distributed by D.A.P./Distributed Art Publishers, Inc., 2004.

Bindman, ‎David, Henry Louis Gates, and ‎Karen C. C. Dalton. The Image of the Black in Western Art. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press in collaboration with the W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for African and African American Research and the Menil Collection, 2010–2014. 

Braham, Persephone, ed. African Diaspora in the Cultures of Latin America, the Caribbean, and the United States. Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press, 2016.

Conduru, Roberto. Arte afro-brasileira: orientações pedagógicas. Belo Horizonte: Ed. C/Arte, 2007.

Conduru, Roberto. Pérolas negras, primeiros fios: experiências artísticas e culturais nos fluxos entre África e Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: UdUERJ, 2013. 

Cullen, Deborah, and Elvis Fuentes, eds. Caribbean: Art at the Crossroads of the World. New York and New Haven: El Museo del Barrio and Yale University Press, 2012. Link to brochure here

Fuente, Alejandro de la. “Afro-Latin American Art.” In Afro-Latin American Studies: An Introduction, edited by Alejandro de la Fuente and George Reid Andrews, 348–405. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2018.

Fuente, Alejandro de la, ed. The Image of the Black in Latin American and Caribbean Art. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, forthcoming.

González, Anita. Afro-Mexico: Dancing between Myth and Reality. Austin: University Of Texas Press, 2012.

Lamborghini, Eva, María de Lourdes Ghidoli, and Juan Francisco Martínez Peria, eds. Estudios Afrolatinoamericanos 4: Actas de las Sextas Jornadas del GEALA. Buenos Aires: Ediciones del CCC Centro Cultural de la Cooperación Floreal Gorini, 2019.

Lindsay, Arturo. Santería Aesthetics in Contemporary Latin American Art. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1996.

Mosquera, Gerardo. “Africa in the Art of Latin America.” Art Journal 51, no. 4 (1992): 30–38.

Ossa, Luisa Marcela and Debbie Lee-DiStefano, eds. Afro-Asian Connections In Latin America And The Caribbean. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2019.

Román, Miriam Jiménez, and Juan Flores, eds. The Afro-Latin@ Reader: History and Culture in the United States. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2010.

Segato, Rita Laura. La crítica de la colonialidad en ocho ensayos. Buenos Aires: Prometeo, 2015.

Shipp, Steve. Latin American and Caribbean Artists of the Modern Era: A Biographical Dictionary. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2003.

Thompson, Robert Farris. Face of the Gods: Art and Altars of Africa and the African Americas. New York: Museum of African Art, 1993.

Thompson, Robert Farris. Flash of the Spirit: African and Afro-American Art and Philosophy. New York: Vintage Books, 1983.

Toledo, Tómas, and Adriano Pedrosa, eds. Histórias afro-atlânticas. Vols. 1 & 2. São Paulo: Museu de Arte de São Paulo Assis Chateaubriand, MASP/Instituto Tomie Ohtake, 2018. Exhibition catalogue.

Wood, Marcus. Black Milk: Imagining Slavery In The Visual Cultures Of Brazil and America. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.


Sixteenth to Eighteenth Centuries

Araújo, Ana Lucia. “Gender, Sex, and Power: Images of Enslaved Women’s Bodies.” In Sex, Power and Slavery, 469–499. Columbus, OH: Ohio University Press, 2014.

Arrelucea Barrantes, Maribel, and Jesús Cosamalón Aguilar, eds. La presencia afrodescendiente en el Perú: siglos XVI-XX. Lima: Ministerio de la Cultura, 2015.

Bennett, Herman L. Africans in Colonial Mexico: Absolutism, Christianity, and Afro-Creole Consciousness, 15701640. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2003.

Black, Charlene Villaseñor. “Race and the Historiography of Colonial Art.” In Envisioning Others: Race, Color, and the Visual in Iberia and Latin America, edited by Pamela Patton, 303–322. Leiden: Brill, 2016.

Brewer-García, Larissa. “Imagined Transformations: Color, Beauty, and Black Christian Conversion in Seventeenth-Century Spanish America.” In Envisioning Others: Race, Color, and the Visual in Iberia and Latin America, edited by Pamela Patton, 111–141. Leiden: Brill, 2016.

Bristol, Joan Cameron. Christians, Blasphemers, and Witches: Afro-Mexican Ritual Practice in the Seventeenth Century. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 2007.

Brown, David H. “Black Royalty: New Social Frameworks and Remodeled Iconographies in Nineteenth-Century Havana.” In Santería Enthroned: Art, Ritual, and Innovation in an Afro-Cuban Religion, 25–61. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2003.

Buono, Amy J. “Historicity, Achronicity, and the Materiality of Cultures in Colonial Brazil.” Getty Research Journal 7 (2015): 19–34. doi: 10.1086/680732.

Burroughs, Charles. “The Plantation Landscape and its Architecture: Classicism, Representation, and Slavery.” In Buen Gusto and Classicism in the Visual Cultures of Latin America, 17801910, edited by Paul Niell and Stacie Widdifield, 114–135. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 2013. 

Carrera, Magali M. Imagining Identity in New Spain: Race, Lineage, and the Colonial Body in Portraiture and Casta Paintings. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2003.

Carrera, Magali M. “Locating Race in Late Colonial Mexico.” Art Journal 57, no. 3 (1998): 36–45. doi: 10.2307/777968.

Carvalho, Anna Maria Fausto Monteiro de. Mestre Valentim. São Paulo: Cosac & Naify, 1999.

Castillo Palma, Norma Angélica, and Susan Kellogg. “Conflict and Cohabitation Between Afro-Mexicans and Nahuas in Central Mexico.” In Beyond Black and Red: African-Native Relations in Colonial Latin America, edited by Matthew Restall, 115136. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 2005.

Copeland, Huey, and Krista Thompson. “Perpetual Returns: New World Slavery and the Matter of the Visual.” Representations 113, no. 1 (2011): 115. doi: 10.1525/rep.2011.113.1.1.

Cuevas Perez, Jaime, and Milencka Vidal Consiglieri. Catastro y visualidad de Afromestizos en Chile: Colección del Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes. Santiago, Chile: RiL editores, 2019.

Cummins, Tom. “Three Gentlemen from Esmeraldas: A Portrait Fit for a King.” In Slave Portraiture in the Atlantic World, edited by Agnes Lugo-Ortiz and Angela Rosenthal, 119145. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Cussen, Celia. Black Saint of the Americas: The Life and Afterlife of Martín de Porres. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Deans-Smith, Susan. “‘Dishonor in the Hands of Indians, Spaniards, and Blacks’: The (Racial) Politics of Painting in Early Modern Mexico.” In Race and Classification: The Case of Mexican America, edited by Ilona Katzew and Susan Deans-Smith, 43–72. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2009.

Díaz, María Elena. The Virgin, the King, and the Royal Slaves of El Cobre: Negotiating Freedom in Colonial Cuba, 16701780. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2000.

Earle, Rebecca. “The Pleasures of Taxonomy: Casta Paintings, Classification, and Colonialism.” William and Mary Quarterly 73, no. 3 (2016): 427–466. doi: 10.5309/willmaryquar.73.3.0427.

Earle, Rebecca. “‘Two Pairs of Pink Satin Shoes!!’ Race, Clothing and Identity in the Americas (17th–19th centuries).” History Workshop Journal, no. 52 (2001): 175–195.

FitzPatrick Sifford, Elena. “Mexican Manuscripts and the First Images of Africans in the Americas.” Ethnohistory 66, no. 2 (2019): 223–248. doi: 10.1215/00141801-7298747.

Fra Molinero, Baltasar. Los mulatos de Esmeraldas (1599): afrofuturismo en el museo.” In La negritud y su poética. Prácticas artísticas y miradas críticas contemporáneas en Latinoamérica y España, edited by Andrea Díaz Mattei, 51–67. Montevideo: BMR Cultural – Sevilla, Publicaciones Enredars, 2019.

Fromont, Cécile, ed. Afro-Catholic Festivals in the Americas: Performance, Representation, and the Making of Black Atlantic Tradition. University Park, PA: Penn State University Press, 2019.

Fromont, Cécile. “Dancing for the King of Congo from Early Modern Central Africa to Slavery-Era Brazil.” Colonial Latin American Review 22, no. 2 (2013): 184–208. doi: 10.1080/10609164.2013.808466.

González-Stephan, Beatriz. “Cuerpos in/a-propiados: carte-de-visite y las nuevas ciudadanías en la pardocracia venezolana postindependentista.” Memoria y Sociedad 17, no. 34 (2013): 14–32. 

Katzew, Ilona. Casta Painting: Images of Race in Eighteenth-Century Mexico. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2004.

Katzew, Ilona and Susan Deans Smith, eds. Race and Classification: The Case of Mexican America. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2009.

Katzew, Ilona. “White or Black?: Albinism and Spotted Blacks in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World.” In Envisioning Others: Race, Color, and the Visual in Iberia and Latin America, edited by Pamela A. Patton, 142–185. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2016.

Hunold Lara, Silvia. “Customs and Costumes: Carlos Julião and the Image of Black Slaves in Late Eighteenth-Century Brazil.” Slavery & Abolition 23, no. 2 (2002): 123–146. doi: 10.1080/714005235.

Hunold Lara, Silvia. “The Signs of Color: Women’s Dress and Racial Relations in Salvador and Rio de Janeiro, ca. 1750–1815.” Colonial Latin American Review 6, no. 2 (1997): 205224. doi: 10.1080/10609169708569922.

Hyman, Aaron M. “Inventing Painting: Cristóbal de Villalpando, Juan Correa, and New Spain’s Transatlantic Canon.” The Art Bulletin 99, no. 2 (2017): 102–135. doi: 10.1080/00043079.2016.1249251.

Lewis, Laura A. Hall of Mirrors: Power, Witchcraft, and Caste in Colonial Mexico. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2003.

Lugo-Ortiz, Agnes. “Material Culture, Slavery, and Governability in Colonial Cuba: The Humorous Lessons of the Cigarette Marquillas.” Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies 21, no. 1 (2012): 61–85. doi: 10.1080/13569325.2012.661367.

Martínez, María Elena. Genealogical Fictions: Limpieza de Sangre, Religion, and Gender in Colonial Mexico. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2008.

Meléndez, Mariselle. “An Eighteenth-Century Visual Representation of the Black Population in Trujillo Del Perú: Picturing Cultural and Social Difference.” Bulletin of Spanish Studies 86, nos. 7–8 (2009): 119–142. doi: 10.1080/14753821003679171.

Moran, Elizabeth. “Visions of Nineteenth-Century Cuba: Images of Blacks in the Work of Víctor Patricio Landaluze.” In Comparative Perspectives on Afro-Latin America, edited by Kwame Dixon and John Burdick, 114–131. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2012.

Moura, Rodrigo, ed. Imagens do Aleijadinho. São Paulo: Museu de Arte de São Paulo, 2018.

Oleszkiewicz-Peralba, Małgorzata. The Black Madonna in Latin America and Europe: Tradition and Transformation. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 2007.

Pavez Ojeda, Jorge. “The ‘Painting’ of Black History: The Afro-Cuban Codex of José Antonio Aponte (Havana, Cuba, 1812).” In Written Culture in a Colonial Context: Africa and the Americas, 15001900, edited by Adrien Delmas and Nigel Penn, 283–315. Leiden: Brill, 2012.

Peterson, Jeanette Favrot. “Perceiving Blackness, Envisioning Power: Chalma and Black Christs in Colonial Mexico.” In Seeing Across Cultures in the Early Modern World, edited by Dana Leibsohn and Jeanette Favrot Peterson, 49–71. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2012.

Peterson, Jeanette Favrot. Visualizing Guadalupe: From Black Madonna to Queen of the Americas. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2014.

Rarey, Matthew. “Counterwitnessing the Visual Culture of Brazilian Slavery.” In African Heritage and Memories of Slavery in Brazil and the South Atlantic World, edited by Ana Lucia Araújo, 71–108. Amherst, NY: Cambria Press, 2015.

Robin, Alena. “Perspectivas transatlánticas de una serie pasionaria del pintor novohispano José de Ibarra (1685–1756).Philostrato: Revista de Historia de Arte, no. 6 (2019): 54–80. doi: 10.25293/philostrato.2019.08.

Rodríguez, Beatriz. “El ensamblaje visual del cuerpo negro: el caso de la Comisión Corográfica de la Nueva Granada.” Tabula Rasa: Revista de Humanidades 17 (2012): 43–61. ISSN: 1794-2489.

Rodriguez, Linda, and Ada Ferrer. “Collaborating with Aponte: Digital Humanities, Art and the Archive.Archipelagos: A Journal of Caribbean Digital Praxis, no. 3 (2019): 1–16. doi: 10.7916/archipelagos-mq9x-dd28. 

Schávelzon, Daniel. Buenos Aires negra: arqueología histórica de una ciudad silenciada. Buenos Aires: Emecé Editores, 2003.

Schwartz, Stuart B. Blood and Boundaries: The Limits of Religious and Racial Exclusion in Early Modern Latin America. Waltham, MA: Brandeis University Press, 2020.

Sullivan, Edward J. “The Black Hand: Notes on the African Presence in the Visual Arts of Brazil and the Caribbean.” In The Arts in Latin America, 1492–1820, edited by Joseph J. Rishel and Suzanne L. Stratton, 39–55. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2006. 

Thomas, Tashima. “Rendering of a Mulata: The Discovery and Rethinking of Images of Mulatas in Colonial Latin American Art.” MA thesis, San Diego State University, 2012.

Thompson, Krista. “The Evidence of Things Not Photographed: Slavery and Historical Memory in the British West Indies.” Representations 113, no. 1 (2011): 3971. doi: 10.1525/rep.2011.113.1.39. 

Tribe, Tania Costa. “The Mulatto as Artist and Image in Colonial Brazil.” Oxford Art Journal 19, no. 1 (1996): 6779. doi: 10.1093/oxartj/19.1.67.

Vaccarella, Eric. “Estrangeros, uellacos, santos y rreys: la representación de los negros en la obra de Felipe Guamán Poma de Ayala.” Revista Iberoamericana 68, no. 198 (2002): 1326. doi: 10.5195/reviberoamer.2002.5743.

Velázquez Gutiérrez, María Elisa. Juan Correa: mulato libre, maestro de pintor. México, DF: Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes, 1998.

Velázquez Gutiérrez, María Elisa. Mujeres de origen africano en la capital novohispana, siglos XVII y XVIII. México, DF: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2006.

Vinson, III, Ben. “Afro-Mexican History: Trends and Directions in Scholarship.” History Compass 3, no. 1 (2005): 1–14. doi: 10.1111/j.1478-0542.2005.00156.x.

Walker, Tamara. “Black Skin, White Uniforms: Race, Clothing, and the Visual Vernacular of Luxury in the Andes.” Souls 19, no. 2 (2017): 196–212. doi: 10.1080/10999949.2016.1239158.

Walker, Tamara. Exquisite Slaves: Race, Clothing and Status in Colonial Lima. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2017.

Walker, Tamara. ‘‘‘He outfitted his family in notable decency’: Slavery, Honour, and Dress in Eighteenth-Century Lima, Peru.” Slavery and Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Studies 30, no. 3 (2009): 383402. doi: 10.1080/01440390903098011.

Webster, Susan V. “Of Signatures and Status: Andrés Sánchez Gallque and Contemporary Painters in Early Colonial Quito.” The Americas 70, no. 4 (2014): 603–644. doi: 10.1353/tam.2014.0074.


Nineteenth Century

Arrelucea Barrantes, Maribel. “Raza, género y cultura en las acuarelas de Pancho Fierro.” Arqueología y sociedad, no. 23 (2011): 267–293.

Bagneris, Mia. Colouring the Caribbean: Race and the Art of Agostino Brunias. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2018.

Balanta, Beatriz. “Tropical Dreams: Promoting Brazil in Nineteenth-Century US Media.” In Envisioning Others: Race, Color, and the Visual in Iberia and Latin America, edited by Pamela Patton, 241–265. Leiden: Brill, 2016.

Ballesteros Páez, María Dolores. “Los afrodescendientes en el arte veracruzano y cubano del siglo XIX.” Cuadernos Americanos 156, no. 2 (2016): 33–60. ISSN: 0011-2356.

Barringer, Timothy, ed. Art and Emancipation in Jamaica: Isaac Mendes Belisario and His Worlds. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2007.

Betancourt, Madeline Cámara. “Between Myth and Stereotype: The Image of the Mulatta in Cuban Culture in the Nineteenth Century, a Truncated Symbol of Nationality.” In Cuba, the Elusive Nation: Interpretations of National Identity, edited by D. J. Fernández and M.C. Betancourt, 100–115. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2000.

Buono, Amy. “Jean-Baptiste Debret’s ‘Return of the Negro Hunters’, the Brazilian Roça, and the Interstices of Empire.” In Orientes-occidentes. El arte y la Mirada del otro. XXVII Coloquio Internacional de Historia del arte, edited by Gustavo Curiel, 69–99. Mexico City: UNAM IIE, 2007.

Cardoso, Rafael. “The Problem of Race in Brazilian Painting, c. 1850–1920.” Art History 38, no. 3 (2015): 488–511. doi: 10.1111/1467-8365.12134.

Cleveland, Kimberly. “Not Your Mother’s Milk: Imagining the Wet Nurse in Brazil.” In Gender, Empire and Postcolony: Luso-Afro-Brazilian Intersections, edited by Anna Klobucka and Hilary Owen, 127–140. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.    

Cleveland, Kimberly K. Black Women Slaves Who Nourished A Nation: Artistic Renderings of Wet Nurses in Brazil. Amherst, NY: Cambria Press, 2019.

Dias, Maria Odila Silva. Power and Everyday Life: The Lives of Working Women in Nineteenth-Century Brazil. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1995.

Falcón Montes, Aída. “La iconografía de la mujer negra en la plástica cubana.” In ARBA 19, Acta Románica Basiliensia. Universidad de Oviedo, edited by Sandra Carrasco and Rosa Sánchez, 65–75. Basel: Institut für Iberoromanistik der Universität Basel, 2007.

Folch, Christine. “Fine Dining: Race in Prerevolution Cuban Cookbooks.” Latin American Research Review 43, no. 2 (2008): 205–223. doi: 10.1353/lar.0.0029.

Fraunhar, Alison. “Marquillas cigarreras cubanas: Nation and Desire in the Nineteenth Century.” Hispanic Research Journal 9, no. 5 (2008): 458–478. doi: 10.1179/174582008X369197.

Fraunhar, Alison. Mulata Nation: Visualizing Race and Gender in Cuba. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2018.

Ghidoli, María de Lourdes. Estereotipos en negro: Representaciones y autorretratos visuales de afroporteños en el siglo XIX. Buenos Aires: Protohistoria Ediciones, 2016.

Hicks, Mary E. “Transatlantic Threads of Meaning: West African Textile Entrepreneurship in Salvador da Bahia, 1770–1870.” Slavery and Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Studies 18, no. 3 (2020): 458–478. doi: 10.1080/0144039X.2020.1793531.

James, Erica Moiah. “Decolonizing Time: Nineteenth-Century Haitian Portraiture and the Critique of Anachronism in Caribbean Art.” Nka Journal of Contemporary African Art, no. 44 (2019): 8–23. doi: 10.1215/10757163-7547406.

Jiménez, Maya. “The Myth of the Baiana in Nineteenth-Century Portrait Photography.” Visual Typologies from the Early Modern to the Contemporary: Local Contexts and Global Practices, edited by Tara Zanardi and Lynda Klich, 135–149. New York: Routledge, 2018.

Kriz, Kay Dian. Slavery, Sugar, and the Culture of Refinement: Picturing the British West Indies, 17001840. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2008.

Lane, Jill. Blackface Cuba, 1840–1895. Philadelphia, PA: University of Philadelphia Press, 2005. 

Leite, Marcelo Eduardo. “La población negra en São Paulo y su auto-representación en las cartes de visite producidas por el estudio Photographia Americana (1875–1885).” Revista Chilena de Antropología Visual, no. 18 (2011): 16–32. ISSN: 0718-876x.

Leite, José Roberto Teixeira. Pintores negros do oitocentos. São Paulo: Edições K, 1988.

Majluf, Natalia. Reproducing Nations: Types and Costumes in Asia and Latin America, ca. 1800–1860. New York: Americas Society, 2006. Exhibition catalogue.

Majluf, Natalia, and Marcus Burke. Tipos del Perú. La Lima criolla de Pancho Fierro. New York: Hispanic Society of America, 2008.

Majluf, Natalia, ed. José Gil de Castro: Pintor de libertadores. Lima, Perú: Asociación Museo de Arte de Lima–MALI, 2014.

Melling, Helen. “Colourful Customs and Invisible Traditions: Visual Representations of Black Subjects in Late Colonial and 19th Century, Post-Independence Peru (1750s–1890s).” PhD diss. King’s College London, 2015.

Mohammed, Patricia. Imaging the Caribbean: Culture and Visual Translation. Oxford: Macmillan, 2009.

Moriuchi, Mei-Yen. Mexican Costumbrismo: Race, Society, and Identity in Nineteenth-Century Art. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania University Press, 2018.

Nelson, Louis. “The Architectures of Black Identity: Buildings, Slavery, and Freedom in the Caribbean and the American South.” Winterthur Portfolio 45, nos. 2/3 (2011): 177–194. doi: 10.1086/660810.

Phillips, Wendy. “Representations of the Black Body in Mexican Visual Art: Evidence of an African Historical Presence or a Cultural Myth?” Journal of Black Studies 39, no. 5 (2009): 761–785. doi: 10.1177/0021934707301474.

Prussat, Margrit. “Icons of Slavery: Black Brazil in Nineteenth Century Photography and Image Art.” In Living History: Encountering the Memory and the History of the Heirs of Slavery, edited by Ana Lucia Araújo, 203–225. Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars, 2009.

Ramos, E. Carmen. “Between Civilization and Barbarism: Víctor Patricio de Landaluze’s Paintings during the Ten Years War in Cuba (1868–78).” In Picturing Cuba: Art, Culture, and Identity on the Island and in the Diaspora, edited by Jorge Duany, 30–50. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 2019.

Ramos, E. Carmen. “A Painter of Cuban Life: Víctor Patricio Landaluze and Nineteenth-Century Cuban Politics (1850–1889). PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2011.

Salum, Marta Heloísa Leuba. “Estilos de escultura em peregrinação: Marcas de um Brasil africano ou de uma África brasileira em objetos de coleção.Textos escolhidos de cultura e arte populares 11, no. 1 (May 2014): 9–32. doi: 10.12957/tecap.2014.16240.

Salum, Marta Heloísa Leuba. “Vistas sobre arte africana no Brasil: lampejos na pista da autoria oculta de objetos afro-brasileiros em museums.” Anais do Museu Paulista: História e cultura material 25, no. 2 (2017): 163201. doi: 10.1590/1982-02672017v25n02d07.

Sepúlveda, Asiel. “Humor and Social Hygiene in Havana’s Nineteenth-Century Cigarette Marquillas.” Nineteenth-Century Worldwide 14, no. 3 (2015): 5783.

Sullivan, Edward J. From San Juan to Paris and Back: Francisco Oller and Caribbean Art in the Era of Impressionism. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2014.

Teríba, Adédoyin. “Brazilian Architecture in Southwest Colonial Nigeria, 1890s–1940s.” PhD diss., Princeton University, 2017.

Tezanos, Lorena. “The Architecture of Nineteenth-Century Cuban Sugar Mills: Creole Power and African Resistance in Late Colonial Cuba.” PhD diss., The City University of New York, 2015.

Thomas, Sarah. “‘On the Spot’: Travelling Artists and Abolitionism, 1770–1830.” Atlantic Studies 8, no. 2 (2011): 213–232. doi: 10.1080/14788810.2011.562352.

Thompson, Krista. An Eye for the Tropics: Tourism, Photography, and Framing the Caribbean Picturesque. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2006.

Trever, Lisa. “Criminal Lines, Indian Colours, and the Creation of a Black Legend: The Photographs of ‘Los Bandidos de la Halancha’, Bolivia.History of Photography 40, no. 4 (2016): 369–387. doi: 10.1080/03087298.2016.1228809.

Williams, Daryle. “‘Peculiar circumstances of the land’: Artists and Models in Nineteenth‐Century Brazilian Slave Society.Art History 35 (2012): 702–727. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8365.2012.00914.x.



Araújo, Ana Lucia. “Pierre Fatumbi Verger: Negotiating Connections Between Brazil and the

Bight of Benin.” Luso-Brazilian Review 50, no. 1 (2013): 113–139. doi: 10.1353/lbr.2013.0019.

Araújo da Silva, Renato. “Africanisms inside a Museum from Brazil.” Critical Interventions: Journal of African At History and Visual Culture 9, iss. 2 (2015): 123–139. doi: 10.1080/19301944.2015.1111581.

Bittencourt, Renata. “Um dândi negro: o retrato de Arthur Timótheo da Costa de Carlos Chambelland.” Ph.D. diss., Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 2015.

Cardoso, Rafael. Modernity in Black and White: Art and Image, Race and Identity in Brazil, 18901945. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2020.

Cardoso, Rafael. “The Problem of Race in Brazilian Painting, c. 1850–1920.” Art History 38, no. 3 (2015): 488–511. doi: 10.1111/1467-8365.12134.

Castro, Maria. “Both Paulista and Parisian: Racial Thinking in A negra. In Tarsila Popular, edited by Adriano Pedrosa, 54–67. São Paulo: Museu de Arte de São Paulo, 2019. 

Chiarelli, Tadeu, ed. Territórios: artistas afrodescendentes no acervo da Pinacoteca. São Paulo: Pinacoteca de São Paulo, 2015. Exhibition catalogue.

Cirio, Norberto Pablo. “Perspectivas de estudio de la música afroargentina: el caso de las prácticas musicales vigentes en el culto a san Baltazar.Resonancias 13 (2003): 67–91.

Cleveland, Kimberly. “Afro-Brazilian Art as a Prism: A Socio-Political History of Brazil’s Artistic, Diplomatic and Economic Confluences in the Twentieth Century.” Luso-Brazilian Review 49. no. 2 (2012): 102–119. doi: 10.1353/lbr.2012.0045.

Cleveland, Kimberly. “Candomblé as Artistic Inspiration: Syncretic Approaches.” In Axé Bahia: The Power of Art in an Afro-Brazilian Metropolis, edited by Patrick A. Polk, Randal Johnson, Sabrina Gledhill, and Roberto Conduru, 204–219, 273. Los Angeles: UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History, 2017. Exhibition catalogue.

Cohen, Theodore W. Finding Afro-Mexico: Race and Nation after the Revolution. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2020.

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Mendoza, Annie, and Tashima Thomas.  “Literary and Visual Rememory at the 90th Anniversary of the Banana Massacre in Colombia.” Zapruder World: An International Journal for the History of Social Conflict 5 (2019). doi: 10.21431/Z32S3R.

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Online Resources

Afro-Latin American Art: Building the Field –

Artsy Window –

Association for Critical Race Art History (ACRAH) –

Black Art in Puerto Rico / Arte Afropuertorriqueño –

Black Latinas Know Collective –

Contemporary And (C&) –

Digital Aponte –

Documents of Latino and Latin American Art –

El Museo del Barrio – From the Archives (Digitized Exhibition Catalogues) –

Fashioning the Self –

Gallery Gurls –

GEALA: Grupo de Estudios Afrolatinoamericanos –

José Gil de Castro Project –

Las Caras Lindas Podcast –

Latinx Spaces –

Latinx Objects Collection and Resources, National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC) –

Living through Art with Maristella dos Anjos – 

Museu Afro Brasil –

Racial Justice Resource Library (The Metropolitan Museum of Art) –

Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora –

The Fashion and Race Database –

Tracking Latinx Identities Through Art History –

Vistas: Visual Culture in Spanish America, 1520–1820 –


Online Lectures and Videos

Art Talk: Firelei Báez in Conversation with María Elena Ortiz –

The Bronx Journal, Afro Latino Forum –

Cécile Fromont, Objects of Power: Material and Spiritual Histories of the Afro Atlantic –

Duke University, Franklin Humanities Institute –

Hunter College, Center for Puerto Rican Studies –

Jeffrey Gibson and María Magdalena Campos-Pons –

Latino Artists on Race, Representation, and African Diasporic Culture –

Latinx Art Sessions: Disrupting Binaries in Latinidad, Pérez Art Museum Miami – 

María Magdalena Campos-Pons on “Sugar: Bittersweet” –

Pancho Fierro, Artista Peruana –

Poetics of Relation Art Talk at Pérez Art Museum Miami –

Serie “Negros” of Afro-Argentines of Santa Fe province:


Anti-Racist Pedagogical Resources

The Abolitionist Toolkit –

Anderson-Zavala, Chrissy, et al.Fierce Urgency of Now: Building Movements to End the Prison Industrial Complex in Our Schools.” Multicultural Perspectives 19 no. 3 (2017): 151–154. doi: 10.1080/15210960.2017.1331743.

Anti-Racist Art Teachers –

Art History Teaching Resources – 

brown, adrienne maree. Emergent Strategy: Shaping Change, Changing Worlds. Chico, CA: AK Press, 2017. 

Cohen-Aponte, Ananda, and Elena FitzPatrick Sifford. Addressing Diversity and Inclusion in Latin American and Latinx Art History” a co-edited “Dialogues” (including co-authored introduction and essays by Beatriz Balanta, Kency Cornejo, Arlene Dávila, Emmanuel Ortega, Rose Salseda, and Lawrence Waldron), Latin American and Latinx Visual Culture 1, no. 3 (2019): 60–100. doi: 10.1525/lavc.2019.130006.

Diversifying Art History: A Collective Bibliography –

Decolonising SOAS: A Learning and Teaching Toolkit –

FitzPatrick Sifford, Elena, and Ananda Cohen-Aponte. “A Call to Action.” Art Journal 78, no. 4 (November 2019): 118-122. doi: 10.1080/00043249.2019.1684113.

Haines, Staci K. The Politics of Trauma: Somatics, Healing, and Social Justice. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books, 2019.

Jones, Betsy, and Zachary Jones. “Designing Afro-Latino Curriculum for Self-Determination.” Zambombazo: Lengua, música y cultura. Accessed July 30, 2020. 

Keenan, Harper Benjamin.Unscripting Curriculum: Toward a Critical Trans Pedagogy.” Harvard Educational Review 87, no. 4 (Winter 2017): 538–556. doi: 10.17763/1943-5045-87.4.538.

Kushner, Rachel. Is Prison Necessary? Ruth Wilson Gilmore Might Change Your Mind.” The New York Times Magazine, April 17, 2019.

Lakshmi Piepzna-Samarasinha, Leah. Care Work: Dreaming Disability Justice. Vancouver, Canada: Arsenal Pulp Press, 2019.

Love, Bettina. We Want to Do More Than Survive: Abolitionist Teaching and the Pursuit of Educational Freedom. Boston: Beacon Press, 2020.

Material didático e pedagógico para o ensino da arte e da cultura Indígena, Africana e Afro–Brasileira –

Menakem, Resmaa. My Grandmother’s Hands: Racialized Trauma and the Pathway to Mending Our Hearts and Bodies. Las Vegas, NV: Central Recovery Press, 2017.

Quetzal Education Consulting: Anti-Racist Solutions for an Equitable Education –

Racial Geography Tour – University of Texas-Austin –

USC Anti-Racist Pedagogy Guide: Methods and Challenges –